Early records of Gumbletons and Gomeldons

Norden's map The name Gumbleton or Gomeldon originated in the place named Gomeldon, near Salisbury, in the county of Wiltshire. The ''Concise Oxford Dictionary of Place Names'' gives the earliest recorded names of the place as ''Gumelesdon'', in 1230 (recorded in the "Feet of Fines"), ''Gomeledon'', in both 1275 (in the Rotali Hundredorum, and 1311 (in an Inquisition Post Mortem). It states that the name means "Gumela's Hill".

The county map of Wiltshire by John Speed, dating from about 1646, shows the village name as GUMLETON.

J. Peter Swann, a tireless researcher into the Gumbleton family, wrote to Keith Norris, of the Bourne Valley Hist. Rec. & Cons. Society, who said that the names of Gomeldon, and the nearby village of Idmiston, in Wiltshire, are thought to have derived from the names of two leaders of the Saxon colonists. Idmiston being Idmaer's tun or farm and Gomeldon being the dun or hill of the Gumela, the people of Guma.

I have collected various early (pre 1600) references to the name.

DateSummaryReference
1297Thomas de Gomeldon juror for IPM of Richard son of John [?] of WyntersleghRef. 6
1297Thomas de Gomeldon juror for IPM of William de PuttonRef. 6
7 Nov 1301Thomas de Gomeldon witness to quitclaim at AMBRESBURY (Wilts.)Ref. 14
1302Thomas de Gomeldon juror for IPM of Henry de BluntesdonRef. 6
1304Thomas de Gomeldon juror for IPM of Edmund Earl of Cornwall (Wynterslawe)Ref. 6
1307/8 (1 Edward II)William de Gomeldon married the daughter and heiress of John de Maresco who held certain lands in Wike near Eastbury by the 4th part of a Knight's fee.Ref. 1
1312/13 (6 Edw. II)Same as aboveRef. 1
1314John de Gomeldone juror for IPM of John de GrymstedeRef. 6
15 Mar 1317/8Reference to John de Gomeldon, citizen of SarumRef. 14
1319John de Gomeldone juror for IPM of Cristina Haraz (Alwardebury)Ref. 6
1320/21Mich. Henry Gernet and Margery his wife, pi. by the said Henry in her place. John de Gomeldon and Agnes his wife, def. i messuage, 180 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow and id. rent in Wenyton, Alvythele, Reynham and Stifford. ' Def. quitclaimed from themselves and the heirs of Agnes to pi. and the. heirs of Henry. Cons. lool. sterling. Endorsed : Thomas son of John de Tany puts in his claim.Ref. 17
1324John de Gomeldone juror for IPM of Andrew de GrymstedeRef. 6
1326/7 (20 Edw. II)John de Gomeldon held diverse lands in Porton by the fourth part of a knight's fee and John de Gomeldon was his heirRef. 2
1327/8 (1 Edw. III)John de Gomeldon held diverse lands in Porton by the fourth part of a knight's fee and John de Gomeldon was his heir Ref. 1
10 Feb 1327 To Thomas Harpedene, escheator in cos. Wilts, Southampton, Oxford, Berks, Bedford and Buckingham. Order to cause dower to be assigned to Edith, late wife of John de Gomeldon, tenant in chief of the late king, upon taking oath not to marry without the king's licence.Ref. 18
22 Feb 1327To Thomas Harpedene, escheator in cos. Wilts, Southampton, Oxford, Berks, Bedford and Buckingham. Order not to intermeddle further with the lands that John de Gomeldon held of other lords than the king, and to restore the issues thereof, as the king learns by inquisition taken by the late king's order that John held on the day of his death certain lands in Porton of the said king in chief as by forfeiture of Hugh le Dispenser, the younger, by homage and fealty and the service of a quarter of a knight's fee, and that he held no other lands of the king in chief as of the crown on the day of his death by reason whereof the custody of the lands ought to pertain to the king, but that he held on the day of his death certain lands in the same town in socage of Jordan Daunger, to wit by the service of 33s yearly for all service, and that John de Gomeldon, his son, is his next heir and is aged twelve years.Ref. 18
15 Jul 1332[Woodstock] Licence for Edith, late wife of John de Gomeldon, tenant in chief of the late king, to marry whomsoever she will of the king's alleigance. By fine of 20s. Wilts.Ref. 16
1349Thomas de Gomeldon juror for William Randolf's IPM, New SarumRef. 2
1354Isabel dau. & coheir of John Saucer and her husband Thomas de Gomeldon conveyed lands in West Chisenbury which Isabel had inherited from her father.Ref. 7
1358Thomas de Gomeldon juror for IPM of Queen Isabella, New Sarum Ref. 2
1359Thomas de Gomeldon juror for IPM of John de Benstede, New Sarum Ref. 2
1368/9 (43 Edw. III)John de Gomeldon and Joan his wife, and William Dawe and Agnes his wife to grant a messuage and land in Eastbury to John de Estbury. Berks.Ref. 12
1369Walter de Gomeldon juror for IPM of Hugh Cheyne, New SalisburyRef. 2
1376Walter de Gomeldon juror for IPM of daus. of John de WodehallRef. 2
2 Feb 1390/1Grant refers to Walter de Gomeldon called Cornmongere: IDMESTON, BREAMORE Ref. 14
12 Jun 1398Royal writ (relating to a tenement in Langeleye) refers to Walter Gomeldon and Cristina his wife Ref. 14
1433/4 (12 Henry VI)Thomas Gomeldon held certain lands in Porton and Winterborne Earles by the fourth part of knight's fee and William Gomeldon was his heirRef. 5
1466William Gomeldon of Winterbourne Dauntsey and Thomas Gomeldon of Porton amongst the 13 commissioners appointed by BishopRef. 8
1470Lease for 15 yrs. at Winterbourne Dauntesey by Thomas Gomeldon Ref. 14
1518Edmund Gomeldon held one messuage and one virgate of land at Gomeldon Ref. 15
1534/5 (26 Hy. VIII)John Gomeldon held certain landes in Porton and Winterborne and Roger Gomeldon was his heir Ref. 1
30 Jun 1568Wyllyam GUMBELLTON married Agnis WALKER at Salisbury St Edmund, Wiltshire Ref. 13
26 Jul 1574John GUMBELLTON married Jone ALLIES at Salisbury St Edmund, Wiltshire Ref. 13
1576Grant of lands to Nicholas Judd by William Gumbledon, Lord of the Manor of Winterbourne Dauntsey. Ref. 9
1576William Gomeldon elected Constable for Alderbury hundred Ref. 10
1577William Gombleton of Porton, gentleman, listed as a surety. Ref. 10
18 Dec 1578William GUMBLETON married Dorathey HELLYER at Idmiston, Wiltshire Ref. 13
1581Robert Brooke of Calne, surety for William Gomeldon of Porton, gentleman Ref. 10
1581Court of Requests. William Gomeldon of Porton defendant Ref. 4
1584Fiat for a warrant of the peace against Henry Errington, Thomas Errington and Cuthbert Errington at the suit of William Gomeldon. Ref. 10
1587William Gomeldon the elder and William Gomelton [sic] the younger, both of Porton, gentlemen listed as sureties Ref. 10
1594PCC administration of Gabriel Gomeldon of Porton Ref. 3
1597/98 (39 Eliz I) Parties: Dighte v Kettilbie and Gomeldon; Subject: Judgment on recognizance of debt County: Worcs, London Ref. 11

References:

Ref. 1Grant of arms to Richard and William Gomeldon, 1662 (D30)
Ref. 2Wiltshire IPMs 1327-1377 (N3/12)
Ref. 3PCC Admons 1581-1598(N3/28)
Ref. 6Wilts IPMs Henry III to Edward II (N3/28)
Ref. 4National Archives. Court of Requests (N3/41)
Ref. 5Suffolk Record Office (N3/142)
Ref. 7Wilts Victoria County History (N3/103)
Ref. 8Draft history of St Mary’s church, Winterbourne Gunner, Wilts, by K P Norris
Ref. 9Winterbourne Documents Vol III “The Callaway Papers”
Ref. 10Wiltshire quarter sessions 1563 and 1574-1592
Ref. 11The National Archives: Court of Chancery: Common Law Pleadings, Rolls Chapel Series; TNA ref: C 43/12/169
Ref. 12Chancery: Inquisitions Ad Quod Damnum, Henry III to Richard III. TNA ref: C 143/368/12
Ref. 13Wiltshire FHS marriage index
Ref. 14Hampshire Record Office: Jervoise family of Herriard. Ref: 44M69/C
Ref. 15The History of Modern Wiltshire (Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart) 1837
Ref. 16Patent Rolls. Edward III.
Ref. 17Feet of Fines for Essex. Vol. II. (1272 - 1326)
Ref. 18Calendar of the Close Rolls. Edward III (1327-1330)


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